14-19 Partnershipsearch for term
14-19 Partnerships are partnerships formed between schools, work-based learning providers, colleges and other stakeholders to collaboratively plan and provide the full 14-19 offer.
157 Groupsearch for term
The 157 Groupdefinition represents 27 of the most influential colleges in the FEdefinition sector. It was formed in 2006 in response to paragraph 157 of Sir Andrew Foster's report on the future of further education colleges, in which he argued that principals of large successful colleges should play a greater role in policymaking. The 157 Group aims to apply its collective wealth of experience and expertise to lead capacity building and self-improvement in colleges and the sector, within a sector-led and sector-owned future. The 157 Group of Colleges produce case studies to showcase effective and best practice. Source: Excellence Gateway Feb 2012 Website:
ACASsearch for term
Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service. It aims: "to improve organisations and working life through better employment relations. We help with employment relations by supplying up-to-date information, independent advice and high quality training, and working with employers and employees to solve problems and improve performance." Employers and employees can access free advice from: 1. The website: 2. The telephone helpline: Monday - Friday 08:00 - 20:00 - 08457 47 47 47 Monday - Friday 08:00 - 20:00 - (Minicom users) - 08456 06 16 00 Saturday 09:00 - 13:00 - 08457 47 47 47 Check out in particular: The Health, Work and Wellbeingdefinition and Equalitiers Sections ACAS Website<
Access to Worksearch for term
Sometimes abbreviated as AtW. Access to Workdefinition is a DWPdefinition supported employment programme for people who have disabilities. It offers practical advice and help in a flexible way that can be tailored to suit the needs of an individual in a particular job. AtW does not replace the normal responsibilities of the employer to implement Health and Safety regulations or replace the responsibilities required by the Equalities Act (2010). For more information visit:
ACLsearch for term
Adult and Community Learning
ADHDsearch for term
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – A neuro-developmental condition. It is not a mental health condition but people with ADHDdefinition may be particularly vulnerable to developing mental illness.
AELPsearch for term
The Association of Employmentdefinition and Learning Providers (AELPdefinition) is the leading trade association for vocational learning and employment providers in Britain. The majority of its 600+ members are independent private, not-for-profit and voluntary sector training and employment services organisations. Membership is open to any provider committed to quality provision and it includes over 50 FEdefinition colleges involved in work based learning. Over 70% of Apprenticeships in England are delivered by AELP members and more than 70% of the Work Programme prime contractors are AELP members with many other members delivering the programme as part of a supply chain management. Source for this entry= Excellence Gateway February 2012 Website
AIEsearch for term
Analysis of the Impact on Equality
Aimhighersearch for term
Formerly known as the Excellence Challenge, Aimhigherdefinition is a government strategy that aims to widen participation in higher education in the UK, especially for those from deprived areas. Aimhigher supports the government's target of increasing participation in higher education to 50 per cent of 18- to 30-year-olds. It aims to give students information on a variety of topics, including financial support and higher education courses. Source:
ALBssearch for term
Arm's length bodies Government funded organisations which work closely with local services, and other ALBsdefinition to regulate the system, improve standards, protect public welfare, and support local services.
ALPsearch for term
Association of Learning Providers - the voice for the independent learning providers throughout England, including private, not-for-profit, and voluntary sector training organisations.
ALSsearch for term
Additional Learning Support
AoCsearch for term
Association of Colleges is the voice to promote the interests of Further Education colleges in England and Wales. website: Tel: 020 7299 6980 / 020 7034 9900 Fax: 020 7299 6990 / 020 7034 9950
AOTsearch for term
Mental healthdefinition assertive outreach team
APELsearch for term
Accreditation of Prior and Experiential Learning – is a process that enables people to receive formal educational recognition for skills and knowledge they already possess. A person's learning and experience can be formally recognised and taken into account to: • gain entry to further or higher education courses; • give exemption from certain parts of a new course of study; and • qualify for an award in an appropriate subject in further or higher education.
APLsearch for term
Accreditation of prior learning (APLdefinition) is a means of crediting people for achievements, skills and knowledge that they have already gained. These may have been gained from a course or self-directed study. In order to use APL to gain access to higher education, applicants need to match their previous learning with the requirements set by their chosen educational institution. Credit is awarded for learning that can be demonstrated. Applicants will need to provide evidence of that learning, either in writing or through an interview. APL is of particular benefit to mature learners who want to re-enter education or training, and those who want to reduce the overall time of a programme of study. See also APELdefinition
Attendance Allowance (AA)search for term
Attendance Allowance (AA)definition Non means-tested and non contributory benefit paid as a contribution towards the extra costs associated with disability, in cases where a person becomes disabled or benefit is claimed after the age of 65. (DHdefinition, 2009)
Awarding Bodiessearch for term
Awarding bodies, originally known as examination boards, are responsible for the regulation of public exams in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Their main roles are to develop and publish accreditation criteria, accredit qualifications and review all aspects of qualifications. The three awarding bodies for England. AQA, Edexcel and OCR, are strictly regulated by the government. Source:
Basic Skillssearch for term
Basic Skillsdefinition can be defined as 'the ability to read, write and speak in English and use mathematics at a level necessary to function and progress at work and in society in general'.
Benchmarkingsearch for term
Process that helps practitioners to take a structured approach to share, compare, identify and develop the best practice (DHdefinition, 2009)
BERRsearch for term
The Government Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform
Bipolar disordersearch for term
A severe mental illness with a long course, usually characterised by episodes of depressed mood alternating with episodes of elated mood and increased activity (mania or hypomania). However, for many people the predominant experience is of low mood. In its more severe forms, bipolar disorder is associated with significant impairment of personal and social functioning. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
BISsearch for term
The government department of Business, Innovation and Skills. Its responsibilities include post-16 education and training including higher education. The Skills Funding Agency, National Apprenticeship Service and National Careers Service are agencies of BISdefinition. See:
Black and Mixed Ethnic search for term
Use of the term Black and Mixed Ethnic on this site is underpinned by our recognition that this term is socially constructed and imperfect. We acknowledge the inherent danger that use of this term can serve to homogenise different groups and different experiences. We also recognise and respect that many people described by others as being of Black or Mixed Ethnic origin do not themselves identify with the term or find it inadequate, and that this may include the Black ‘British’ community whose differences are often overstated and people who identify as mixed race and may rightly be unhappy at being expected to choose one racial identity to the exclusion of another.
BMEsearch for term
Black and minority ethnic or Black and mixed ethnic
BoT2search for term
Back on Track2 – a 2009/10 national NIACEdefinition/LSCdefinition/ISCRIdefinition partnership programme project promoting collaborative working between Further Education (FEdefinition) colleges and Early Intervention in Psychosisdefinition (EIPdefinition) services. It is based on an innovative project in Portsmouth: Back on Track – a partnership between Headspace Early Intervention in Psychosis Team and Highbury College.
BRITE search for term
Beattie Resources for Inclusiveness in Technology and Education - BRITE BRITE came about as a result of the Beattie Committee Report "Implementing Inclusiveness; Realising Potential", which emphasised the importance of creating inclusive, accessible learning opportunities – equipped to welcome and provide for students with a diverse range of abilities, aspirations and support needs. BRITE was established to support Scotland’s 43 Collegesis based in Edinburgh and receives core funding from the Scottish Funding Council, supplemented by income from a range of consultancy and research activities focused on inclusiveness and enabling technologies. Website:
Business Linksearch for term
Government support service for micro, small and medium sized enterprises. It is dedicated to helping new and existing businesses, innovate, improve, grow and become more competitive.
CABsearch for term
Citizens Advice Bureau
CAMHSsearch for term
Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services
Care Co-ordinatorsearch for term
An identified mental health professional responsible for co-ordinating care of a mental health service user (it may be a nurse, OT or sometimes an unqualified team member)
Care Packagesearch for term
Following an assessment, a care package is agreed to enable a patient to receive care appropriate to their needs. Where necessary this covers both NHSdefinition and social care.
Care Packagesearch for term
Following an assessment, a care package is agreed to enable someone to receive care appropriate to their needs. Where necessary this covers both NHSdefinition and social care.
Care Pathwaysearch for term
A pre-determined plan of care for patients with a specific condition
Care Pathwaysearch for term
A pre-determined plan of care for patients with a specific condition, in mental health care pathways will ideally include employment/learning and skills.
Care Trustssearch for term
Organisations working in both health and social care offering either social care, mental health services or primary care services.
CBIsearch for term
Confederation of British Industry - leading lobbying organisation for UK business on national and international issues. It works with the UK government, international legislators and policy-makers to help businesses compete effectively.
CBTsearch for term
Cognitive behavioural therapy
CCsearch for term
Abbreviation currently (2011) being used in some Government documents to refer to a Coalition [Government] commitment
CDWssearch for term
Community Development Workers
CETTSsearch for term
Centres for Excellence in Teacher Training
CJSsearch for term
Criminal Justice System – is overseen by three government departments: the Ministry of Justice, the Home Office and the Attorney General's Office. It includes a wide number of agencies working together to deliver what is known as criminal justice, including the police, the Crown Prosecution Service, the courts and the National Offender Management Service (covering the prison and probation service).
CLGsearch for term
Government department for Communities and Local Government
CMHTsearch for term
Community mental health team – a multidisciplinary team of mental health workers that work with people outside of hospital
CMPsearch for term
Condition Management Programme
Coachingsearch for term
Normally a one-to-one or small group activity which involves a tutor in a close observation of a learner’s performance and giving advice and guidance
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)search for term
A form of talking therapy that that aims to help people, with for example depression and /or anxiety to manage their problems by combining working to change a client’s thoughts (cognition) and what they do (behaviour) which can help them to feel better about life.
Command Paperssearch for term
Papers of interest to Parliament such as White Papers, consultation documents and certain departmental reports or reviews.
Commissioningsearch for term
The process of assessing the needs of a local population and putting in place services to meet those needs. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
Community Caresearch for term
Care provided by social services departments and the NHSdefinition to assist people in their day to day living.
Conceptual frameworksearch for term
This is a socially constructed set of basic beliefs, values, attitudes and assumptions that shapes and reflects how one views oneself and others. The diagram on the MHFEdefinition home page illustrates the conceptual framework that underpins our approach to mental health and learning and skills. It is intended to show that interdependent understandings and action are required at several different levels in order to realise the goals of achieving social inclusion and better outcomes in learning and skills for people who have experience of mental health difficulties. It: has at its centre the experiences and aspirations of individuals; values learner involvement highly; provides information and resources to help providers create inclusive learning environments and experiences in which practitioners feel confident in working with people who have mental health difficulties; it recognises the need for support for the sector and its workforce and supports collaborative local working and the translation of policy into practice in order to enable services to respond better to and enable through employment, learning and skills, people with mental health difficulties to be included by and contribute to their families, local communities and our wider society.
Connexionssearch for term
Connexionsdefinition is an advice service for 13- to 19-year-olds (13- to 25-year-olds if they have learning difficulties or disabilities) in England. It supports their transition to adulthood and working life by bringing together all the services and support they need in areas such as careers, health, housing and education.
Contact hourssearch for term
Identifies the number of hours allocated for delivery of a programme of learning/study/a course. It includes 'taught' hours including group and one to one tutorials
COVERsearch for term
Community and Voluntary Forum Eastern Region
CPAsearch for term
Care Programme Approach – the care planning system that is used for all service users who are in contact with specialist mental health services
CPDsearch for term
Continuing professional development
CPNsearch for term
Community psychiatric nurse – psychiatric nurses are now called mental health nurses, but the old terminology of psychiatric nurse and CPNdefinition is also still commonly used.
CQC (Care Quality Commission)search for term
Is the independent regulator of health and social care in England. It regulates care provided by the NHSdefinition, local authorities, private companies and voluntary organisations. The CQC brought together the work of the Commission for Social Care Inspection (CSCI), the Healthcare Commission and the Mental Health Act Commission, in 2009. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
Crisis Resolution Teamsearch for term
A specialist mental health team that provides intensive support for people with severe mental illness to help them through periods of crisis.
CSIPsearch for term
Care Services Improvement Programme was an arms-reach agency of the Department of Health in each of the English regions from 2005 to 2008/9. CSIPdefinition was launched in 2005 with a budget of £39m from the DHdefinition to support the local delivery of health and social care policy in England. Initially it oversaw seven social care and health programmes, including the National Institute for Mental Health in England (NIMHEdefinition). From December 2008, CSIP’s programmes became the direct responsibility of DH national programme leads and the new deputy regional directors for social care and partnerships. You will find that many still-relevant documents will have been authored/published by CSIP and can be found on the NMHDUdefinition website.
CTBsearch for term
Council Tax Benefit
CTLLSsearch for term
Acronym for the Certificate in Teaching in the Lifelong Learning Sector
CTOsearch for term
Community Treatment Order – the 2007 Mental Health Act, which became law in July 2007, introduced some changes to the existing 1983 Mental Health Act: in particular, a new power of supervised community treatment.
D/deafsearch for term
D/deafdefinition is a term used to cover all people with some type of deafness and includes those who are: hard of hearing partially deaf profoundly deaf Hard of hearing people have a slight to moderate hearing loss and will probably wear one or two hearing aids. They have difficulty hearing speech clearly, but are generally able to join in everyday activities. Partially deaf people have a more severe hearing loss which significantly affects everyday activities and communication. They may use both speech/lip-reading and sign language and probably wear hearing aids. Profoundly deaf people have little or no useful hearing and while some may wear hearing aids these do little more than assist with environmental awareness and do not help much with the understanding of speech Source:
DBTsearch for term
Dialectical behavioural therapy – a psychological therapy for people with borderline personality disorder (BPD), self-harming behaviour or suicidal ideas.
DCLG (or CLG)search for term
The Department for Communities and Local Government. It sets UK policy on local government, housing, urban regeneration, planning and fire and rescue. It has responsibility for race equality and community cohesion related issues across Great Britain and for building regulations, fire safety and some housing issues in England and Wales.
DCMSsearch for term
[Government] Department for Culture, Media and Sport
DEAsearch for term
Disabilitydefinition Employmentdefinition Adviser – specialist Jobcentre plus adviser for people who have disabilities, including people who have mental health difficulties.
DECCsearch for term
[Government] Department of Energy and Climate Change
Defrasearch for term
[Government] Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
DfEsearch for term
The government Department for Education.
DfTsearch for term
[Government] Department for Transport
DHsearch for term
The government Department of Health
Disabilitysearch for term
Our use of this term is based on the definition of who is a disabled person in Part 1 of the Disabilitydefinition Discrimination Act – It encompasses a very broad definition including people who have mental health difficulties, such as depression. To be covered by the act the person’s impairment must have a substantial, adverse effect on their ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities and have lasted for at least 12 months, or be likely to last for 12 months or more. (Source: DRC, 2007:18). Implicit in our use of the term disability with respect to people who have mental health difficulties, is the recognition that disadvantage and social exclusion are not an inevitable result of mental ill-health, but the result of stigma, discrimination and socially constructed barriers which people face.
DIUSsearch for term
Government Department for Universities Innovation and Skills was a UK government department created on 28 June 2007. It took over some of the functions of the Department of Education and Skills and of the Department of Trade and Industry. It was merged into the newly formed Department for Business, Innovation and Skills in June 2009. It was responsible for adult learning, some parts of further education, higher education, skills, science and innovation. You may find that many learning and skills publications refer to /were published by DIUSdefinition and many of the Department’s WebPages remain in use on the BISdefinition website.
DLAsearch for term
Disabilitydefinition Living Allowance
DPssearch for term
Direct Payments – payments given to individuals to choose, organise and pay for the social care services they need, rather than using the services offered by their local authority.
DREsearch for term
Delivering Race Equality on Mental Health – a five-year programme funded by the Department of Health from 2005 to 2010, in response to the Inquiry into the Death of David Rocky Bennett while in mental health services and recognition that services were not adequately meeting the needs of black and minority ethnic service users. The programme included a target to appoint 500 DREdefinition Community Development Workers in England by the end of 2007 – so that all PCT areas would have CDWsdefinition. DRE in mental health ended in January 2010 after which time race equalities work in mental health is being taken forward as part of the NMHDUdefinition National Equalities in Mental Health Programme, which covers six equalities strands.
DRE CDWssearch for term
Delivering Race Equality Community Development Workers
DSAsearch for term
Disabled Students’ Allowance – additional financial support for students in Higher Education who have a disability, ongoing health condition, mental health condition or learning difficulty.
DTLLSsearch for term
Acronym for the Diploma in Teaching in the Lifelong Learning Sector
Dual Diagnosissearch for term
‘Covers a broad spectrum of mental health and substance misuse [including alcohol] problems that an individual might experience concurrently... [ e.g.] • a primary psychiatric illness precipitating or leading to substance misuse • substance misuse worsening or altering the course of a psychiatric illness • intoxication and/or substance dependence leading to psychological symptoms • substance misuse and/or withdrawal leading to psychiatric symptoms or illnesses’ (DHdefinition, 2002).
DWPsearch for term
The government Department for Work and Pensions.
E-learningsearch for term
Electronic learning – learning which is supported or enhanced through the application of information and communication technology
Economically active peoplesearch for term
Economically active peopledefinition include those people who are employed and those who are actively seeking work.
Economically inactive peoplesearch for term
Economically inactive peopledefinition include those who are not in paid employment or looking for work, e.g. people who are retired, look after the home/small children, are permanently sick or are full-time students.
EHRCsearch for term
Equalities and Human Rights Commission – a statutory body with responsibility for protecting, enforcing and promoting equality across the seven ‘protected’ grounds – age, disability, gender, race, religion and belief, sexual orientation and gender reassignment. It replaced the Equal Opportunities Commission, Commission for Racial Equality and Disabilitydefinition Rights Commission in 2007.
EIPsearch for term
Early intervention in psychosis - refers to specialist mental health services that provide early intervention for you g people (aged 14-35 years) experiencing a first episode of psychosis. Some services also undertake preventative work with young people identified as being at high risk of developing first episode psychosis.
Emailsearch for term
Electronic mail, commonly called email or e-mail, is a method of exchanging digital messages across the Internet or other computer networks.
Employeesearch for term
The term ‘employee’ refers to anyone works for someone else (as opposed to being self-employed) whether or not they have a contract of employment.
Employmentsearch for term
We are mindful of the argument advanced in Realising Ambitions (DWPdefinition, 2009) that ‘the term ‘employment’ be restricted to competitive employment in a setting where disabled and non-disabled people are being employed on the same terms and conditions and where the person no longer receives out of work benefits. [Including] ... • those working in competitive settings but receiving additional support or adjustments to sustain their employment; • those working fewer than 16 hours whose earnings are sufficient to enable them to leave out of work benefits; and • those who are self-employed and no longer receive out of work benefits’ (DWP, 2009) However, in the context of this website, ‘employment’ means both paid and unpaid work. It includes working for others, volunteering, self-employment and being an unpaid carer.
ESAsearch for term
Employmentdefinition and Support Allowance – a government benefit, which, from October 2008, replaced Incapacity Benefit and Income Support for new claimants. Eligibility for ESAdefinition depends on an individual’s functional capability and what help they need to manage their condition and return to work. From October 2010, the government began reassessing everyone who was receiving Incapacity Benefit or Income Support on the grounds of having a disability in terms of their eligibility for/transfer to ESA.
ESOLsearch for term
English for Speakers of Other Languages. From April 2010, either all ESOLdefinition learning providers were required to either be a publicly funded college or, if a private college, be accredited through one of four agencies. This covers community organisations funded via colleges or other bodies supported by the Skills Funding Agency and all are subject to inspection by the Office for Standards in Education (Ofsted).
Fair Access to Caresearch for term
Guidance issued by DHdefinition to councils and care trusts about fair charging policies for home care and other non residential care, and advice about eligibility criteria for adult social care
Family Learningsearch for term
Family learning is learning that supports parents, grandparents, carers and other family members to be an active part of their children's learning, as well as becoming learners themselves. It includes many different types of activities and takes place in locations as varied as schools, children's centres, museums and libraries.
FEsearch for term
Further education learning and skills - includes all publicly funded post-16 education (i.e. education that goes beyond compulsory education) that is not higher education, including for example, apprenticeships, work based learning, colleges adult and community learning, offender learning.
FEPsearch for term
First episode psychosis
Fit Notesearch for term
The fit note helps people who are off sick return to work as quickly as possible. The Department for Work and Pensions introduced the Statement of Fitness for Work (the fit note) on 6 April 2010, replacing the previous Medical Statement (the sick note). Key changes include, health workers: Have a new option – to identify that someone "May be fit for work taking account of the following advice". Are no longer required to issue statements stating someone is fit for work. Have increased space for comments on the functional effects of their patient’s condition with tick boxes to indicate simple adjustments or adaptations that could aid their return to work. Can use telephone consultations as an acceptable form of assessment. Can only identify a maximum duration of statement for 3 months (and not 6 months as previously)
FLTsearch for term
Foundation Learning Tier – Level 1 (which now includes levels previously described as Entry levels) of the Qualifications and Credit Framework (QCFdefinition) is described as the Foundation Learning Tier. The aim of the FLTdefinition is to increase participation and achievement in learning. It should benefit young people who may not be likely to achieve via the traditional GCSE route (and who might otherwise be likely to become NEETdefinition); adults who have literacy, numeracy, and IT skills gaps and people who have learning difficulties and /or disabilities. Learners should have access to learning opportunities that will enable them to progress towards getting a Level 2 qualification (equivalent to 5 GCSEs at grades A–C) or other positive outcomes (such as the development of independent living skills). Each learner should be able to personalise their progression route (i.e. the curriculum or units and modules they study, which may be at different levels) in order to make learning as directly relevant as possible and increase their success in learning, by achieving qualifications. The curriculum should include 3 elements Personal and Social Development; Functional Skills (ICTdefinition, English, Maths) and vocational/ subject-based learning, including Employability.
Formative assessmentsearch for term
On-going assessment carried out throughout a programme of learning
GPsearch for term
General Practitioner (also sometimes referred to as a family doctor).
GP consortiasearch for term
Groups of GPs that, the Government plans, will in future lead the commissioning of most healthcare services across England. GP consortiadefinition are to be statutory bodies accountable for commissioning. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
Green Papersearch for term
A preliminary discussion or consultation document often issued by the Government in advance of the formulation of policy.
HEsearch for term
Higher education - usually degree level (level 4) and above education funded through the Higher Education Funding Council (HEFC). Qualifications are accredited by a university but learning can include access courses, take place in the workplace and some FEdefinition provision may be delivered in HE and vice versa.
Health and Social Care Servicessearch for term
Refers here, to all providers (whether statutory, third sector or independent private) of primary and secondary mental health services and social and community care for people who have mental health difficulties. Mental healthdefinition services aim to improve not only a person’s clinical condition but also their quality of life (DHdefinition, 2009).
Health Premiumsearch for term
A component of the new funding mechanism for public health, introduced by the Coalition Government in December 2010, that will reflect deprivation and reward progress against health improvement outcomes in local areas. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
HOLEXsearch for term
HOLEXdefinition, the national network of local adult learning providers, is the sector membership body for local authority adult and community learning services, independent ‘former external institutions’ and ‘specialist designated institutions’. Source: Excellence Gateway, February 2012
HoNOSsearch for term
The most widely used routine clinical outcome measure employed by English mental health services, these scales measure behaviour, impairment, symptoms and social functioning. They form part of the English Mental Health Minimum Datasetdefinition. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
HSEsearch for term
The health and safety executive
HWWBssearch for term
Health Work and Well-Being Co-ordinators – created to support delivery of the Government’s mental health and Employmentdefinition Strategy, Working our Way to better mental health: a framework for action (DWPdefinition, 2009). They work at a local level to promote action on the Health, Work and Well-being agenda, and network nationally to share best practice (Department of Health, 2009).
I&DeAsearch for term
Local Government Improvement and Development Agency
IACLsearch for term
Informal Adult and Community Learning - the new (2011) term to describe the informal adult learning provision/offer (effectively what was previously PCDLdefinition or Personal and Community Development Learning).
IAGsearch for term
Information, advice and guidance services enable people to make learning and career decisions that are right for them. Services are delivered by a wide range of employment and learning and skills providers, such as Connexionsdefinition (for young people), Next Step and Learndirect (for adults). In 2012 a new 'all age careers service' is proposed.
IAPTsearch for term
Improving Access to Psychological Therapies – a Department of Health programme to implement the NICEdefinition guidelines for depression and anxiety disorders. IAPTdefinition offers people either a high intensity evidence based one to one form of CBTdefinition or low intensity support which may include grouo counselling and vocational advice and support.
IBsearch for term
Incapacity Benefit – a welfare benefit previously payable to people of working age who were unable to work because of illness or disability and who were not eligible for statutory sick pay. Since 2008, IBdefinition has been replaced by ESAdefinition for new claimants and the migration of existing IB claimants onto ESA is in process.
ICTsearch for term
Information Communication Technology – the combination of computing and communication technologies, which includes computer networks, telephone systems and the internet
IESsearch for term
Integrated employment and skills – the Leitch Review of Skills (HM Treasury, 2006) identified the need to bringing together employment and skills services in order that they are more responsive to the employment and skills needs of individuals and employers, which in turn would deliver the twin goals of full employment and the UK’s ability to compete in the global economy. At the government level, the creation of the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills is an example of the integration of employment and skills.
IfLsearch for term
The Institute for Learning. The professional body for teachers and trainers in the Learning and Skills sector. As part of its role in ensuring an expert FEdefinition worksforce, IfLdefinition IfL is responsible for: - registering teachers and trainers in FE and skills - keeping an overview of teachers’continuing professional development (CPDdefinition) - conferring the professional status of Qualified Teacher Learning and Skills (QTLS) and Associate Teacher Learning and Skills (ATLS) Source: Excellence Gateway, February 2012 Website:
IIFMsearch for term
The NIACEdefinition 'Is it for me?' project aimed to empower people with mental health difficulties who are eligible to receive social care to make informed decisions about Direct Payments. The project produced an accredited course, I’ll give it a go (IGIAG) to empower people with mental health difficulties who are eligible to receive social care to make informed decisions about Direct Payments
Incidencesearch for term
The number of new 'cases' of a disease or disorder that develop in a population during a specific period of time
IPPRsearch for term
Institute for Public Policy Research
IPSsearch for term
Individual Placement and Support – an evidence based approach to employment support that helps people with serious mental health conditions to get and keep mainstream competitive employment.
ISCRIsearch for term
The International School for Communities, Rights and Inclusion (ISCRIdefinition), Inclusion Institute at the University of Central Lancashire – which is taking forward the work of the cross-government National Social Inclusion Programme as a centre of excellence for learning, evidence, innovation and practice on inclusion in the context of both personalisation and sustainable, engaged communities. ISCRI became a partner in the NIACEdefinition/LSCdefinition mental health partnership programme in April 2009.
JCPsearch for term
Jobcentre Plus – government agency with responsibility for supporting people who are unemployed to move from welfare into work. It also supports employers to fill job vacancies.
JISCsearch for term
Historically, the JISCdefinition acronym stood for ‘Joint Information Systems Committee’. Over time JISC's role has evolved. While it may not be an ‘information systems committee’ any longer, it continues to champion the use of digital technology to ensure the UK remains world-class in research, teaching and learning. Website:
Joint Strategic Needs Assessmentsearch for term
An assessment that provides an objective analysis of the current and future health and wellbeing needs of local adults and children, bringing together a wide range of quantitative and qualitative data, including user views. Up until now, each area’s assessment has been produced by the local authority in collaboration with the primary care trust. GP consortiadefinition and local authorities, including directors of public health, will in future have an obligation to prepare the assessment, and to do so through the arrangements made by their local health and wellbeing board. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
JSAsearch for term
Jobseeker’s Allowance welfare benefit for people who are unemployed and seeking work.
JSNAsearch for term
Joint Strategic Needs Assessmentdefinition
LANDEXsearch for term
Land based Colleges Aspiring to Excellence (LANDEXdefinition) is a subscriber organisation with 37 member Colleges and Universities in England and 6 Associate Members in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. To qualify for membership the provider must deliver significant volumes of education and training in at least six land based occupational areas, engage in an annual peer review process that confirms that standards exceed the Landex quality threshold, be appropriately resourced and operate a commercial scale agriculture and/or horticulture enterprise. Source for this entry= Excellence Gateway February 2012 Website:
LDsearch for term
Learning disability/disabilities. Abbreviation used by the health and social care sector.
LEAsearch for term
The Local Education Authority is the part of a local authority that is responsible for education.
Learner panelsearch for term
The Learner Panel is an online facility which is managed by the YPLAdefinition and co-funded with the Skills Funding Agency and Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BISdefinition) to help the FEdefinition sector improve their access to learners for conducting quantitative and qualitative research. The panel is comprised of people aged 14+ enrolled at schools, colleges and training providers in England (source
LGAsearch for term
The Local Government Association is a voluntary lobbying organisations acting to advance the interests of local authorities in England and Wales. It is an authoritative and effective advocate for local government and acts as the voice for the sector.
LINkssearch for term
Local Involvement Networks (LINksdefinition) are individuals and groups from across the community who are funded and supported to hold local health and social care services to account
LLDDsearch for term
Learners with Learning Difficulties and/or Disabilities. Abbreviation used by the learning and skills sector.
LLUKsearch for term
Lifelong Learning UK – the sector skills council that is responsible for the professional development of staff working in lifelong learning.
LSCsearch for term
The Learning and Skills Council - was the government agency responsible (until 31 March 2010) for planning and funding of post-16 education provision in England.. Its responsibilities passed to the Skills Funding Agency, Young People's Learning Agency and local authorities.
LSISsearch for term
Learning and Skills Improvement Service – supports excellence in the learning and skills sector, it works to build the sector’s own capacity to design, commission and deliver improvement and strategic change.
LSNsearch for term
Learning and Skills Network – a not for profit organisation that provides consultancy, research, training, and outsourcing services to the further and higher works education, schools and local government sectors.
LTCsearch for term
Long-term (physical health) condition Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
Medically unexplained symptomssearch for term
Persistent physical complaints that do not have a readily recognisable medical cause. The pain, worry and other symptoms are nonetheless real and cause distress. People of all ages with medically unexplained symptoms present frequently to the NHSdefinition. Contacts with primary care clinicians may be at least 50% more frequent per person than in the general population, and they may also have up to 33% more secondary care consultations. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
Mental capitalsearch for term
The entirety of a person’s cognitive and emotional resources. It includes their cognitive ability, how flexible and efficient they are at learning, and their ’emotional intelligence‘, such as their social skills and resilience in the face of stress. It therefore conditions how well an individual is able to contribute effectively to society, as well as their ability to enjoy a high quality of life. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
Mental healthsearch for term
Good or positive mental health is more than the absence or management of mental health problems; it is the foundation for wellbeing and effective functioning both for individuals and for their communities. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
Mental health difficultiessearch for term
Mental health difficultiesdefinition is the preferred inclusive term within the FEdefinition system to refer to people who may describe themselves as experiencing mild to moderate to severe mental health problems or issues or illness or conditions regardless of duration, medical diagnosis, or if a person is disabled or not. It reflects our understandings that: 1. Mental healthdefinition is not a ‘static’ concept or condition it is best represented as a continuum from good mental well-being and health to mental illness along which we can all move in either direction at different times in our lives. 2. People who have mental health difficulties are a constantly changing and heterogeneous population crossing all social groups, including people of all social classes and income groups, people of all ethnic origins, all ages, males and females; people who may be gay or lesbian or transgender, people who may or may not have a history of offending and people who may have other concomitant disabilities and or health problems. The term attempts to ‘encapsulate the difficulties that people experience in accessing, remaining and succeeding in learning and skills and employment that arise from, impact on or relate directly to their mental health and well-being… and the many and interrelated factors that affect a person’s opportunity to realise their goals, ambitions and potential through participation in [employment] learning and skills.’ (LSCdefinition, 2009) The term ‘difficulty’ ‘…relates to a person’s prospect of participating and succeeding in learning and skills rather than relating to their mental health condition. For some people, mental illness and/or a low sense of well-being may create problems for them in learning and engaging with a learning environment. We also understand that many of the difficulties in accessing learning and skills lie within the attitude of others or may be caused by organisational or structural barriers to participation. These barriers to learning and skills may exist for other groups of learners, but the relationship between mental illness and/or a poor sense of well-being may make these barriers seem even more insurmountable and therefore people can be doubly disadvantaged in accessing and succeeding in learning’ (LSC, 2009).
Mental Health Minimum Datasetsearch for term
A nationally defined framework of data on adult patients, held locally by mental health trusts. It is designed to show in detail the patterns of care received by patients looked after by specialist mental health care providers in England. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
Mental health problemsearch for term
The preferred phrase used in the Government Mental Health strategy (2011) as an umbrella term to denote the full range of diagnosable mental illnesses and disorders, including personality disorder. Mental health problems may be more or less common and acute or longer lasting, and may vary in severity. They manifest themselves in different ways at different ages and may present as behavioural problems (for example, in children and young people). The strategy acknowledges that some people object to the use of terms such as ‘mental health problem’ on the grounds that they medicalise ways of thinking and feeling and do not acknowledge the many factors that can prevent people from reaching their potential. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
Mental health trustssearch for term
Health care trusts that provide specialist mental health services in hospitals and local communities.
Mental Illnesssearch for term
A term generally used to refer to more serious mental health problems that often require treatment by specialist services. Such illnesses include depression and anxiety (which may also be referred to as common mental health problems) as well as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (also sometimes referred to as severe mental illness). Conduct disorder and emotional disorder are the commonest forms of childhood mental illness. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
MHFAsearch for term
Mental healthdefinition first aid is the help given to someone experiencing a mental health problem before professional help is obtained.
MHFEsearch for term
Mental healthdefinition in further education
MHHEsearch for term
Mental healthdefinition in higher education
MoDsearch for term
[Government] Ministry of Defence
MoJsearch for term
[Government] Ministry of Justice
Moodlesearch for term
Moodledefinition (abbreviation for Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment) is a free and open-source e-learning software platform, also known as a Course Management System, Learning Management System, or Virtual Learning Environment (VLE).
MSTsearch for term
Multisystemic Therapydefinition
Multisystemic Therapysearch for term
Sometimes abbreviated as MSTdefinition. Multisystemic therapy is an evidence-based, intensive family- and community-based intervention that helps high-risk young people to modify their conduct or address their emotional problems and improves long-term outcomes. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
MWBsearch for term
Mental well-being – is about our ability to cope with life’s problems and make the most of life’s opportunities; it is about feeling good and functioning well, as individuals and collectively.
MWIAsearch for term
Mental Well-being Impact Assessment – uses a combination of methods, procedures and tools to assess the potential for a policy, service, programme or project to impact on the mental well-being of a population.
NACROsearch for term
Charity that campaigns for campaign for change – a more integrated, joined-up approach to reducing offending, persuade policy makers that changing lives is the most effective way to tackle crime. NACRO’s work with offenders and those at risk of offending, to help them find positive alternatives to crime and to achieve their full potential in society, includes access to and success in employment, learning and skills.
NASsearch for term
National Apprenticeship Service
National Confidential Inquiry Into Suicide and Homicide by People with Mental Illnesssearch for term
A research project largely funded by the National Patient Safety Agency. Other funders are the Scottish Government and the Northern Ireland Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
Needs assessmentsearch for term
Process by which NHSdefinition organisations or local authorities use information to judge the health and wellbeing of their population and then decide what services should be provided to meet local needs.
NEETsearch for term
Not in education, employment or training – this is a UK government acronym that is now also used in other countries to refer to young people who are outside of education and employment. Most young people who are NEETdefinition already have complex social needs and barriers to participation (often including mental health difficulties) added to which there are a number of negative consequences associated with being NEET, such as low levels of attainment and teenage conception. Reducing the proportion of 16- to 18-year-olds (NEET) is a priority for the Government and local authorities.
NHSsearch for term
National Health Service – the UK health care system.
NHS Commissioning Boardsearch for term
A proposed new body that will have powers devolved to it directly from the Secretary of State for Health. It will be responsible for allocating and accounting for NHSdefinition resources and for supporting the GP consortiadefinition and holding them to account in terms of outcomes, financial performance, and fairness and transparency in the performance of their functions. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
NIACEsearch for term
The former National Institute of Adult Continuing Education (NIACEdefinition) was a charity, set up in 1921 as the British Institute of Adult Education (BIAE). NIACE merged with the Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion (CESI) on 1 January 2016 to become Learning and Work Institute. For more information visit Learning and Work Institute website:
NICEsearch for term
The NHSdefinition National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence is an arms-length agency of the Department of Health. It is responsible for providing national evidence-based guidance on promoting good health and preventing and treating ill health.
NIHRsearch for term
National Institute for Health Research
NIMHEsearch for term
National Institute of Mental Health in England – was superseded by NMHDUdefinition in 2009. NIMHEdefinition was established in 2001 to co-ordinate research, disseminate information, facilitate training and develop services as part of the modernisation of mental health services agenda and delivery of the 1999 NSF for mental health.
NMHDUsearch for term
The National Mental Health Development Unit (NMHDUdefinition) was launched in April 2009; it is responsible for a range of programmes funded by the Department of Health and the NHSdefinition to provide national support for implementing mental health policy by advising on national and international best practice to improve mental health and mental health services. NMHDU ceased on 31.3.2011.
NOMSsearch for term
National Offender Management Service – has responsibility for delivering a reduction in re-offending and the management of offenders. There are nine regional offices in England.
NSIPsearch for term
National Social Inclusion Programme – NSIPdefinition was a four-year programme established in late 2004 to oversee the implementation of the cross-government action plan from the Social Exclusion Unit report, Mental Health and Social Exclusion (Social Exclusion Unit, 2004). NSIP was a partner in the NIACEdefinition/LSCdefinition mental health partnership programme until April 2009.
NVQsearch for term
National Vocational Qualification – is a 'competence-based' qualification: i.e. based on learning practical, work-related tasks designed to help an individual to develop the skills and knowledge to do a job effectively. NVQs are based on national standards for various occupations.
OCDsearch for term
Obsessive compulsive disorder – a mental health condition that is usually associated with obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviour
ODIsearch for term
The Office for Disabilitydefinition is part of the Department for Work and Pensions and leads the government’s vision of achieving equality for disabled people. It does this by supporting civil servants to include and represent disabled people in their work. It also provides strategic advice and shares tools.
OECDsearch for term
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Offenders with mental health difficultiessearch for term
People “…who come into contact with the criminal justice system because they have committed, or are suspected of committing, a criminal offence, and who may be acutely or chronically mentally ill… It also includes those in whom a degree of mental disturbance is recognised, even though it may not be severe enough to bring it within the criteria laid down by the Mental Health Act 1983 (now 2007)” (DHdefinition, 2009).
OFSTEDsearch for term
Office for Standards in Education – government body launched in 2007 that is responsible for the regulation and inspection of learning, including further education provision.
OLASSsearch for term
Offender Learning and Skills Service (part of the SFA and therefore BISdefinition) is responsible for planning and funding education and vocational training delivered in prisons and for offenders in the community. OLASSdefinition went live across England on 31 July 2006.
ONSsearch for term
[Government] Office for National Statistics
PBsearch for term
Personal Budget – an element of the personalisation of social care. Rather than having to fit their lives into existing services an individual who is eligible to receive social care will know how much money is available to support their care (i.e. their individual budget) and they can choose how the money is spent by controlling a personal budget or receiving some, or all, of the amount as a direct payment.
PCDLsearch for term
Personal and Community Development Learning – is what many people think of when they hear the term ‘adult education’. It might cover evening classes in creative writing and flower arranging. Equally, it can include confidence-building courses for people with mental health problems, or working with community groups to develop group facilitation skills. (NB the term is longer in use in current policy documents).
PDsearch for term
Personality Disorderdefinition is a ‘way of being’ that people develop while growing up and as a result, aspects of a person’s personality cause repeated problems in life – particularly with relationships. Troubled relationships can be with family and friends, work and care services – and frequently with all of them. People who have a personality disorder often develop other associated mental health problems (such as depression). PDdefinition is much misunderstood by the public and within some mental health services. Up until 2002, health service staff were taught not to diagnose personality disorder unless they had no other option. When people were diagnosed with it, they were usually ‘written off’ – and excluded from services, often in hurtful ways. It has previously been called ‘a diagnosis of exclusion’ – interestingly it is still excluded from the NHSdefinition Choices A-Z of conditions and treatment.
Perkins' Reviewsearch for term
Commonly used shorthand for referring to the independent review chaired by Rachel Perkins. The review considered how to reduce the number of people with mental health conditions who are out of work. It’s remit was to focus on those people who have not been well served by existing programmes, to gain employment and pursue successful working lives and to make proposals that could realistically be enacted in the short to medium term without any new resources or new primary legislation. The recommendations the review made were published in December 2009: Realising Ambitions: Better employment support for people with a mental health condition (DWPdefinition, 2009).
Personality Disordersearch for term
Any disorder in which an individual’s personal characteristics cause regular and long-term problems in the way they cope with life and interact with other people and in their ability to respond emotionally. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
PHEsearch for term
Public Health Englanddefinition protects and improves the nation's health and wellbeing, and reduces health inequalities. Public Health England was established on 1 April 2013 to bring together public health specialists from more than 70 organisations into a single public health service. See:
PHOsearch for term
Public Health Observatories are part of the NHSdefinition. There is one in each English region. They provide local agencies with public health data and information to inform local planning priorities, policies and good practice. The Association of Public Health Observatories (abbreviated to APHO) is a national umbrella organisation for all of the PHOs across the UK and the Republic of Ireland.
Population mental healthsearch for term
A measure of the proportion of the population with different levels of mental health at any one time. The spectrum ranges from mentally ill and languishing through to moderately mentally healthy and flourishing. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
Prevalencesearch for term
The number of people in a population who have a particular disorder or disease at a specific point in time.
Protected characteristicssearch for term
Characteristics against which the Equality Act 2010 prohibits discrimination, including age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion or belief, sex and sexual orientation. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
Psychosissearch for term
Psychosisdefinition affects a person’s mind and causes changes to the way that they think, feel and behave. A person who experiences psychosis may be unable to distinguish between reality and their imagination. They may have hallucinations or delusions. Psychosis is not a condition in itself; it is a symptom of other conditions. The most common causes of psychosis are mental health conditions such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
PTLLSsearch for term
Preparing to teach in the lifelong learning sector
PTSDsearch for term
Post-traumatic stress disorder – is a mental health condition that can be caused by experiencing/witnessing traumatic events. People who have PTSDdefinition may relive the trauma of the event through nightmares and flashbacks. It can also cause problems with concentration and sleep. People may become isolated and develop panic attacks, anxiety and depression. The symptoms are often persistent and severe enough to have a significant impact on a person’s day-to-day life. Approximately 30 per cent of people who experience traumatic events develop PTSD.
Public healthsearch for term
Is concerned with improving the health of the population rather than treating the diseases of individual patients. Public mental health is a relatively new term to desctibe the branch of public health concerned with the mental health and wellbeing of the population..
Public Health Englandsearch for term
A body which, subject to passage of the Health and Social Care Bill, will be established within the Department of Health in 2012 and will set the overall Outcomes Framework for public health. It will be accountable to the Secretary of State for Health. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
Public Mental Healthsearch for term
The art and science of promoting wellbeing and equality and preventing mental ill health through population-based interventions to: • reduce risk and promote protective, evidence-based interventions to improve physical and mental wellbeing; and • create flourishing, connected individuals, families and communities. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
QCFsearch for term
Qualifications and Credit Framework
QIPPsearch for term
Health services abbreviation: Quality, Innovation, Productivity and Prevention
QOFsearch for term
Health service abbreviation for the Quality and Outcomes Framework
QTLS search for term
Qualified Teacher Learning and Skills Framework.
RCPsychsearch for term
Royal College of Psychiatrists
Recoverysearch for term
The term ‘recovery’ when used in relation to physical illness has come to mean that the person has ‘got over’ their illness and is now free of symptoms (e.g. we talk about people ‘recovering’ from an accident, operation or infection). Although most people who experience mental health difficulties do get well again, it was not until relatively recently that we have tended to speak about ‘recovery’ from mental illness and the meaning is somewhat different. Recoverydefinition in mental health is highly personal to an individual and is not necessarily about being free of the symptoms of illness but about the person ‘getting a life’ in which they have personal control over their life and have a good quality of life (DWPdefinition, 2009a). It is now widely recognised that early identification and intervention improves people’s recovery from mental health difficulties and that learning and employment can contribute to and be supportive of people’s personal recovery. Recovery-focused practice promotes people’s well-being and the recovery of meaningful, satisfying lives in which they are able to participate in their families, communities and if they want to do so in the labour market.
Resiliencesearch for term
The capacity to adapt and recover from adverse circumstances and events (DWPdefinition, 2009a), which is in turn protective of an individual’s mental and emotional well-being. As with other skills people can learn how to build their resilience to problems they may face. Dame Carol Black highlighted the importance of helping children and young people (as the future workforce) to develop resilience skills (DWP, 2009b). Some schools are building resilience skills into their curriculum and some mental health programmes such as the Targeted Mental Health in Schools Programme (TaMHSdefinition) include intent to support potentially vulnerable children and young people to develop resilience skills. For adults who have experience of mental health difficulties their recovery journey is in many ways a journey in which they develop resilience, as they gain a sense of hope for future possibilities, develop self-esteem and confidence and test out self-management strategies that equip them to face and manage situations, overcome barriers and handle knock-backs when they occur without triggering them becoming unwell.
RUBLEsearch for term
The acronym by which the Really Useful Book of Learning and Earning is commonly referred to. It has been published by NIACEdefinition from 2007 to 2010. RUBLEdefinition is an A5 spiral bound booklet which includes a diary. Its focus changed slightly in different editions, including editions to support people who were unemployed, people experiencing mental health difficulties who wish to return to or take up work, volunteering or learning and apprentices. In 2011 a version for young adult carers was published.
SCIEsearch for term
Social Care Institute for Excellence improves the lives of people who use care services by sharing knowledge about what works. It is an independent charity working with adults, families and children's social care and social work services across the UK. We also work closely with related services such as health care and housing. SCIEdefinition gathers and analyses knowledge about what works and translate that knowledge into practical resources, learning materials and services to help improve the knowledge and skills of those working in care services. This includes managers, frontline staff, commissioners and trainers. People and their families who use services also use SCIE resources and all of SCIE's work is developed in collaboration with experts - including people who use care services and their carers. Source of this entry = SCIE website 'about SCIE' page, February 2012 Website:
SCMHsearch for term
The former Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health - changed its name to the Centre for Mental Health in 2010. You may still see SCMHdefinition referred to/referenced in publications and many SCMH authored publications remain available to download from the Centre for Mental Health.
Self directed supportsearch for term
Support services that help give people with a disability the confidence and wellbeing to live independently, and become an active member of the community.
SENsearch for term
Special Educational Needs
SESsearch for term
Single Equality Scheme
SEUsearch for term
Social Exclusion Unit (2001 to 2006) It was set up by the former Labour Government (1997-2010) as part of the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (ODPM) in the Cabinet Office, to provide it with policy analysis and strategic advice to tackle social exclusion as part of the wider social justice agenda. The SEUdefinition produced a number of landmark reports for social policy, including Mental Health and Social Exclusion (Social Exclusion Unit, 2004).
Severe (or serious) mental illnesssearch for term
More severe and long-lasting mental illness associated with functional impairment. Someone with a severe or serious mental illness may nevertheless also have long periods when they are well and are able to manage their illness. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
Shiftsearch for term
Was an anti-stigma and discrimination campaign in England funded by the Department of Health until March 2011. Shiftdefinition was part of NSIPdefinition and then later NMHDUdefinition. Priority areas included the media, employers and Black and minority ethnic communities.
SKILLsearch for term
Is the national bureau for students with disabilities.
Skills Fundfing Agencysearch for term
Skills Funding Agency – part of BISdefinition and one of the successor agencies to the LSCdefinition. It came into being on 1 April 2010 to fund and regulate further education and skills training in England.
SMARTsearch for term
Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, Time bound (nemonic for setting clear objectives)
Social classsearch for term
A way of classifying people according to their occupation, first used in the UK in 1911. It was based on the notion of homogenous groups of occupations which were ranked in a hierarchy according to the degree of skills required and the 'generla standing' of the occupation. The categories have remained constant since they were introduced but the occupations included in each one is revised every decade. See also 'socioeconomic group'
Social Enterprisesearch for term
A business with primarily social objectives - surpluses are re-invested for that purpose in the business or community.
Social marketingsearch for term
The use of mainstream marketing theory, skills and practice, for social good (i.e. unperpinned by ethical practice), In the UK social marketing is frequently associated with promoting changes in health damaging behaviours (e.g. stopping smoking, preventing obesity) and encouraging beneficial health behaviours (e.g. eating 5 portions of fruit and vegetables a day, the Change 4Life campaign and the NEF 5 ways to wellbeing).
Socioeconomic groupsearch for term
A system for classifying occupational groups that offers an alternative way of doing so to 'social class. It was introduced in the 1950s and identified 17 unranked groups whereby the peopke in each group had similar social, cultural and recreational standards and behaviour. In practical terms the 17 groups are usually reduced to 6. Group 1 = Professional workers, doctors, solicitors, accountants Group 2 = Employers and managers (in industry and commerce) and farm owners Group 3 = Intermediate junior and non-manual workers, e.g. teachers, nurses, technicians, shop workers, administrative staff Group 4 = Skilled manaual workers, e.g. bus drivers, plumbers Group 5 = Semi-skilled manual workers, e.g. agricultural and catering staff Group 6 = Unskilled manaual workers, e.g. labourers, cleaners, porters,
SSCsearch for term
Sector Skills Council - an employer-led, independent organisation that covers a specific industry sector across the UK. There are 25 SSCs covering approximately 85 percent of the workforce. Examples include: The sector skills council for FEdefinition = LLUKdefinition The sector skills council for health and social care = Skills for Health
Step down caresearch for term
This term originally referred to care facilities that are outside acute hospitals, which enable people who strongly value their independence to leave acute hospital and to return home. More recently it has been recognised that where servivces are tiered (e.g. CAMHSdefinition, EIPdefinition) it is appropriate for young people that they might step down from a level of care of their condition improves and if it fluctuates or deteriorates they might need to step up (a level of ) care again.
Stigmasearch for term
Definitions of stigma vary because it is studied from the perspective of different disciplines. Social psychologists suggest that stigma is associated with attitudes or stereotypes that are learned and mediated by a number of psychological constructs, in terms of cognitive beliefs, feelings and associated behaviour. This model aims to explain the process of how stigma develops, but it fails to explain the wider social factors that lead to the inequalities and discrimination associated with stigma (Corrigan, Markowitz, & Watson, 2004). Thornicroft (2006) suggests that the use of the term stigma is limited in that it focuses on the individual rather than on the cause and identifying discrimination. Using a sociological approach, Link and Phelan (2001) describe stigma as a process and define it as the co-occurrence of its components - labelling, stereotyping, separation, status loss, and discrimination. This process is mediated by power and is also influenced by cultural, social and environmental factors.
TaMHSsearch for term
Targeted Mental Health in Schools Programme – a three-year pathfinder programme, which began in April 2008. The programme involves 25 pathfinder local authorities and their associated PCTs. The aim is to develop innovative models of therapeutic and holistic mental health support in schools for children and young people aged five to 13 at risk of, and/or experiencing, mental health problems; and their families.
Third Sectorsearch for term
A collective term used by governments to describe non public private organisations that are motivated by a desire to further social, environmental or cultural objectives rather than to make a profit. They include national and local charities, development trusts, social enterprises volunteer-involving organisations; local community voluntary groups, voluntary organisations and trade unions.
TSNLAsearch for term
The Third Sectordefinition National Learning Alliance (TSNLAdefinition) is a membership organisation that is a national alliance of voluntary and community organisations and social enterprises involved in learning and skills. TSNLA promotes the work of third sector organisations providing learning and skills by: - acting as a ‘voice’ for third sector providers; - enabling the exchange of information and good practice; - promoting and advancing third sector learning provision; and - promoting and disseminating research into learning and skills provided by the third sector. Source for this entry: Excellence Gateway, February 2012 Website:
TTPsearch for term
Our own shorthand for the Take Ten People project and resources
UCUsearch for term
The University and College Union is the largest trade union and professional association for academics, lecturers, trainers, researchers and academic-related staff working in further and higher education.
UCUsearch for term
UCUdefinition is the largest trade union and professional association for academics, lecturers, trainers, researchers and academic-related staff working in further and higher education throughout the UK. Source for this entry= Excellence Gateway February 2012 website:
UK CESsearch for term
The United Kingdom Commission for Employmentdefinition and Skills replaced the National Employment Panel (NEP) and SSDA across the UK, and the Skills Alliance and employer voice functions of the LSCdefinition in England. It was a recommendation in the Leitch Review of Skills and is a key driver for integrating employment and skills services, ensuring they work together to meet the needs of the economy, employers and individuals. It is responsible, at the national level, for recommending improvements to all parts of the skills and employment systems, from Departments to agencies, to ensure they work toward the integrated objective that the Leitch Review recommended. (HM Treasury, 2006).
ULNsearch for term
A Unique Learner Number is allocated to every person undertaking education and learning. This will identify a person’s lifelong learning achievements.
VCSsearch for term
Voluntary and community sector (although not quite the same thing ‘VCS’ is increasingly used interchangeably with the term ‘Third Sector’ to refer to all non-statutory not-for-profit charitable, voluntary, community and non-governmental agencies)
Virtual classroomsearch for term
Online learning environment where tutors/learners interact
Vulnerable adultssearch for term
People with disabilities or mental health conditions who are unable to take care of themselves, or protect themselves against harm or exploitation from others.
Vulnerable groupssearch for term
People who are vulnerable because of their situation, for example, homeless people. It may also include people unable to meet their everyday needs due to a physical or mental health condition
WBLsearch for term
Work based learning is learning which predominantly takes place in the workplace.
WCAsearch for term
Work Capability Assessment – replaces the Personal Capability Assessment (Medical) for people claiming the work related activity Employmentdefinition and support Allowance. The WCAdefinition has fewer exemptions, e.g. there is none relating to DLAdefinition entitlement or severe mental illness. It employs different mental health tests and has an expanded list of activities and descriptors and a scoring system for mental health as for physical health.
Webinarsearch for term
Shorthand for a Web-based seminar, a presentation, lecture, workshop or seminar that is transmitted over the Web. A key feature of a Webinardefinition is its interactive elements -- the ability to give, receive and discuss information. This contrasts with a Webcast, in which the data transmission is one way and does not allow interaction between the presenter and the audience.
Wellbeingsearch for term
Wellbeingdefinition refers to a person’s sense of positive feeling about their life situation and health, both physical and mental. An individual can have a physical or mental health condition and still have a sense of well-being. Positive mental health and well-being is essential for good health’ (DWPdefinition, 2009). (Sometimes referred to as mental wellbeing or emotional wellbeing.) For the purposes of the DHdefinition 2011 Mental Health strategy (No health without mental health) the following definition is used: ‘A positive state of mind and body, feeling safe and able to cope, with a sense of connection with people, communities and the wider environment.’
WFIsearch for term
Work Focused Interviews – a requirement by DWPdefinition that people who are claiming certain welfare benefits attend regular interviews with an employment service personal adviser. The interview assesses the person’s prospects of obtaining work; assists and encourages them to identify what they can do to make remaining in or obtaining work more likely; identify training, educational or rehabilitation opportunities they can take up to increase their chances of getting work.
White Papersearch for term
Documents produced by the Government that set out details of future policy on a particular subject.
World Health Organisation (WHO)search for term
The WHO is the United Nations 'health arm'. Its core functions are: 1. providing leadership on matters critical to health and engaging in partnerships where joint action is needed; 2. shaping the research agenda and stimulating the generation, translation and dissemination of valuable knowledge; 3. setting norms and standards and promoting and monitoring their implementation; articulating ethical and evidence-based policy options; 4. providing technical support, catalysing change, and building sustainable institutional capacity; and 5. monitoring the health situation and assessing health trends
WRAPsearch for term
Wellness and Recoverydefinition Action Plan (WRAPdefinition) see appendix 6 of the Perkins Review for a useful example of a WRAP for someone in work (DWPdefinition, 2009).
YJBsearch for term
Youth Justice Board – is part of the criminal justice system and is responsible for all under-18s in the criminal justice system. It commissions and purchases all places in YOIs for under-18s. It does this within the context of the overarching principal aim of the youth justice system, 'to prevent offending by young people'.
YOIsearch for term
Young Offenders’ Institution – part of the prison service with responsibility for the custody of 15- to 20-year-olds sentenced or remanded, by the courts. YOIs aim to help young offenders prepare for their return to the outside community, which includes access to and continuation of their education/employment during and after custody. Research evidence that suggests that significant numbers of young people in custody have mental health difficulties and would be better supported outside of prison (Bradley, 2009)
YOTsearch for term
Youth Offending Team – is a cross-sector multidisciplinary team that is part of the Youth Justice Board. YOTs aim is to prevent children and young people from offending and to ensure appropriate assessment, intervention and rehabilitation for children and young people in contact with the criminal justice system. Research suggests that participation in education, training and employment is a key protective factor in preventing offending and re-offending behaviour.
YPsearch for term
Slang shorthand term used to refer to Young Offenders’ Institutions/Prisons.
YPLAsearch for term
The Young People's Learning Agency - one of the national successor agency to the Learning and Skills Council – champions young people by providing financial support to young learners, by funding Academies for all their provision and by supporting local authorities to commission suitable education and training opportunities for all 16-19 year olds. The YPLAdefinition is part of the Department for Education.